Knitting is a method by which thread or yarn is used to create a cloth.
Knitted fabric consists of consecutive rows of loops, called stitches. As each row progresses, a new loop is pulled through an existing loop. The active stitches are held on a needle until
another loop can be passed through them. This process eventually results in a fabric. often used for garments.
Knitting may be done by hand or by machine. There exist numerous styles and methods of hand knitting.
Knitted Loop Structure:
Terms of knitting
Open Loop: The open loop is one in which the loop forming yarns does not cross at the bottom of the loop.
Closed Loop: ln Closed loop, the legs of the loop cross so that the loop closing takes place.
Face Loop: During loop formation. when the new loop emerges through the old loop from back to the face (or front) side, it is called as face oop or vxeft knit loop.
Back Loop: If the new loop passes from the face side to the back side of old loop. it is called as back loop or weft purl loop.
Technical face:The side of the knitted fabric that consists all of face or knit loops, is called technical face of the fabric
Technical Back: The side of the knitted fabric having full of back or purl loops is called needle loop. Normally the reverse side of the technical face is the technical back
The properties of a knitted structure are largely determined by the interdependencce of each stitch to its neighbors on wither side and above and below it. Magic loops knitting are arranged in rows and column termed knitting courses and wales repectively.
A course is predominantly horizontal row of needle loops produced y adjacent needles during the same knitting cycle.
A wale is a predominantly vertical column of intermeshed needle loops produced by the same needle knitting at successive knitting cycle. A wale commences as soon as an empty needle starts to knit.
The term stitch density is frequently used in knitting instead of linear measurements of Courses and Wales: it is the total no. of needle loops in a given area such as a square inch or three square centimeters.
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